Both Catholics and many Protestants, have claimed that due to the fact the Jews rejected Jesus as their Messiah, God has washed His hands of them, leaving them with no purpose whatsoever as a nation, and as a result, God replaced Israel with the Church, transferring all the blessings promised to Israel to the Church.
This is called “Replacement Theology.” It is nothing new and is still being taught among Christendom. When we research the root of this false theology, we find that it can be summed up in one single phrase: anti-Semitism.
Looking at the beginning of Christianity, we see the apostle Paul preaching the Gospel of the grace of God and his converts were mostly Gentiles. God had temporarily blinded the nation of Israel in order to bring salvation to the Gentiles via Paul who served as proxy Israel. As the Church (body of Christ) began to spread, Gentiles largely left the Jews behind. They had no interest in the people of Israel. Many labeled the Jews as “Christ killers.” We see this in the writings of some early church fathers, especially Origen, who was very anti-Semitic. Ignatius of Antioch, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Justin Martyr, Jerome, Augustine, and others, all agreed that God’s covenant with Israel was no longer binding and that the Gentiles had replaced the Jews.
These men, and many Christians today, completely ignore the covenants that God made with Abraham and his descendants, covenants that God swore to keep despite Israel’s failings. God never breaks His promises. Therefore, it is impossible that the Church has assumed the covenantal status from Israel.
At the time of the Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther was initially sympathetic toward the Jews because he believed their rejection of the Gospel was due to their recognition of the corruption of the Roman Catholic Church. But when they continued to reject the Gospel, Luther turned on them with a vengeance. In 1543 he wrote a pamphlet entitled “Concerning The Jews and Their Lies,” in which he called the Jews horrible names. He made proposals on what to do with them by suggesting burning down their synagogues and destroying their houses. Confiscating their Talmudic writings and forbidding Rabbis to teach. Even taking their money from them and compelling them into forced labor.
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis were fond of quoting Luther. In 1924 at a Christian gathering in Berlin, Hitler said:
“Martin Luther has been the greatest encouragement of my life. Luther was a great man. He was a giant. With one blow he heralded the coming of the new dawn and the new age. He saw clearly that the Jews need to be destroyed, and we’re only beginning to see that we need to carry this work on.”
The truth is, God is not done with the Jewish people. When the times of the Gentiles comes to completion, that is, when the last Gentile comes to faith in Christ, God will once again pick up where He left off with the Jews. Zechariah 8 tells us that they will once again occupy the city of Jerusalem.
The tribulation is mostly about Israel. The Antichrist will attempt to annihilate the Jews, and he will succeed in killing 2/3 of them (Rev. 12:13-17). At the end of the Tribulation, they will turn to God and receive Jesus as their Messiah (Zechariah 12:10). At this point in time, Christ will return and regather all believing Jews to Israel where He will establish them as the preeminent nation in the world. The blessings of God will flow out to the nations through the Jews during the Millennium (Zechariah 8:22-23).
As we can see by the Holy Scriptures, God is not done with the nation of Israel. They are still the “apple of His eye.” (Zechariah 2:8).